POPE SAINT PIUS X
Second Vatican Ecumenical Council Was About Modernization
“My people have been a lost flock: their shepherds have caused them to go astray
and have made them wander in the mountains. They have gone from the mountain
to the hill: they have forgotten their resting place.” (Douay-Rheims translation, Old
Testament, Jeremiah 50:6)
By John J. Aréchiga
|“When I was in the seminary in the 1950’s I was puzzled by the lack of focus on the condemnation of Modernism by the popes of the first quarter of the 20th Century because I had reacted instinctively against such condemnation just as I had reacted negatively against the earlier condemnation of Americanism. I did not understand why the Church should be against the wonderful American experiment and the tremendous scientific and technological progress that was being made after the Second World War. What is wrong with being “modern” I thought? After the Humanae Vitae dissent broke out in the Church I began to understand the wisdom and the prescience of those popes. Now that we are reaping in the present pontificate the harvest of the seeds of liberalism and progressivism that were planted in the 20th Century we know that that is what the popes were condemning. In a time when oaths and vows are becoming increasingly meaningless, John J. Arechiga has written an excellent article examining the disastrous effects that the disregard for the Oath Against Modernism has had and is still having in the Church.”
+Rene Henry Gracida, Bishop Emeritus of Corpus Christi
Let there be no doubt – in the words of Pope John XXIII the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council was about the conditions and modernization of the Church after twenty (20) centuries of life:
“The ecumenical council will reach out and embrace under the widespread wings of the Catholic Church, the entire heredity of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Its principal task [ecumenical council] will be concerned with the conditions and modernization (emphasis supplied) of the Church after 20 centuries of life.” [His Holiness Pope John XXIII, addressing a group of Blessed Sacrament Fathers, on or before July 7, 1961.]
This is confirmed by Pope John XXIII’s October 11, 1962, opening speech for the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council. The English translation of Pope John XXIII’s opening speech makes eight (8) references to modern times (three references), modern life, modern world, modern theologians, modern thought, and modern expectations. The Spanish translation of Pope John XXIII’s opening speech also makes eight (8) similar references to época moderna, modernas condiciones, tiempos modernos, mundo modern, vida moderna, teólogos modernos, pensamiento moderno, and moderación en los proyectos.
Also let there be no doubt – Pope John XXIII’s promotion of modernization flies in the face of The Oath Against Modernism required of him. The same can be said about all clergy advanced to major orders, pastors, confessors, preachers, religious superiors, and by professors of philosophy and theology in seminaries that disregarded their Oath Against Modernism and directly or indirectly participated in the Second Vatican Council.
Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) was ordained in 1904; taught apologetics, church history, and patrology; and most probably took The Oath Against Modernism on September 10, 1910, or very shortly thereafter.
It also cannot be argued that Pope John XXIII had little or no knowledge of modernism or The Oath Against Modernism. Pope John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) lived through the pontificate of Pope Saint Pius X (August 4, 1903, through August 20, 1914) – and Pope Saint Pius X was author of several anti-modernist church documents:
- Lamentabili Sane, Syllabus Condemning the Errors of the Modernists, Pope Saint Pius X, July 3, 1907. [See also Denzinger, 30th Edition, 2001-2065a]
- Pascendi Dominici Gregis, On the Doctrines of the Modernists, Encyclical of Pope Saint Pius X, Given at St. Peter’s, Rome, on the 8th day of September, 1907.
- Praestantia Scripturae, Motu proprio of Pope Saint Pius X on the Decisions of the Pontifical Commission on the Bible and on the Censures and Penalties Against Those Who Neglect to Observe the Prescriptions Against the Errors of the Modernists, Given by Pope Saint Pius X on November 18, 1907. [Denzinger, 30th edition, paragraphs 2113-2114]
- Notre Charge Apostolique, Our Apostolic Mandate (the theories of the Sillon and the Sillonist movement), Given by Pope Saint Pius X to the French Bishops, August 15, 1910.
- Sacrorum Antistitum, The Oath Against Modernism, Motu proprio of Pope Saint Pius X, given September 1, 1910. [Denzinger, 30th edition, paragraphs 2145-2147]
The Oath Against Modernism was a solemn declaration against Modernism issued by Pope Saint Pius X (September 10, 1910) and required to be taken on oath by all clergy to be advanced to major orders, pastors, confessors, preachers, religious superiors, and by professors of philosophy and theology in seminaries. The first part of the oath is a strong affirmation of the principal Catholic truths opposed to Modernism: the demonstrability of God’s existence by human reason, the value of miracles and prophecies as criteria of revelation, the historical institution of the Church founded by Christ, the invariable constancy of the essentials of Catholic tradition, and the reasonableness and supernaturality of the Christian faith. The second part of the oath is an expression of interior assent to the decree Lamentabili and the encyclical Pascendi. Particular modernist errors are singled out for censure and rejection. In 1967 the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a new Profession of the Faith to replace the longer Oath against Modernism. [Essentially Verbatim: Hardon, Modern Catholic Dictionary, a post Second Vatican Council modernist definition of Oath Against Modernism, page 383.]
Also given that Pope John XXIII (formerly Father Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli) also taught apologetics, church history, and patrology [the study of the writings of the Fathers of the Church], it is very likely he was also familiar with earlier anti-modernism church teachings:
- Sanctissimus Dominus, Condemning sixty-five propositions which favored laxism in moral theology, Papal Bull issued by Pope Innocent XI on 4 March, 1679. [Denzinger, 30th Edition, 1151-1216]
- Mirari Vos, On Liberalism, Encyclical Letter of Pope Gregory XVI, dated August 15, 1832.
- Quanta Cura, On Current Errors, Encyclical letter of Pope Pius IX, December 8, 1864.
- Syllabus of Errors Condemned by Pope Pius IX, Syllabus was attached to Quanta Cura, given on December 8, 1864. [Denzinger, 30th Edition, 1700-1780]
- Quod Apostolici Muneris, On Socialism, Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII, December 28, 1878.
- Diuturnum Illud, On the Origin of Civil Power, Encyclical Letter of Pope Leo XIII, June 29, 1881.
- Humanum Genus, On Freemasonry and Naturalism, Encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII, April 20, 1884.
- Libertas, On the Nature of Human Liberty, Encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII, June 20, 1888. [Note: Also known as Libertas Praestantissimum, Sobre La Libertad y El Liberalismo (About Liberty and Liberalism)]
- Rerum Novarum, On Capital and Labor, Encyclical letter of Pope Leo XIII, May 15, 1891.
- Graves de Communi Re, On Christian Democracy, Encyclical of Pope Leo XIII, given in Rome on January 18, 1901. (Note: Defines and compares Social Democracy and Christian Democracy)
Finally, you would think that Pope John XXIII was familiar with the anti-modernism promulgations by his more immediate predecessors:
- Bonum sane, On Saint Joseph, Motu Proprio proclaimed by His Holiness Pope Benedict XV on July 25, 1920. [Note: The title does not indicate contemporary socio-economic and family relevance. First, Benedict takes notes of the economic hardship and moral laxity occasioned by the recent World War, and cautions about “the advent of a universal republic, which is based on the absolute equality of men and the communion of goods, and in which there is no longer any distinction of nationality, does not recognize the authority of the father upon the children, nor the public authorities and citizens, nor of God on the men in civilian consortium. All things which, if implemented, would lead to terrible social convulsions, like what was then happening in Europe. Second, Pope Benedict emphasized that the family is the “core and basis” of human society, and encouraged families to be guided by the example of the Holy Family. Benedict affirmed that strengthening the domestic society with purity, harmony and fidelity, would not only effect an improvement in private morals, but also in the life of the community.]
- Quas Primas, On the Feast of Christ the King, Encyclical of Pope Pius XI, Given at Rome on December 11, 1925; established the feast of Christ the King in response to the world’s increasing secularization and nationalism;
- Mortalium Animos, On Religious Unity, Encyclical of Pope Pius XI given at Rome on the 19th of March, 1937;
- Humani Generis, On Certain False Opinions Threatening to Undermine the Foundations of Catholic Doctrine, Encyclical Letter of Pope Pius XII, August 12, 1950.
The evidence is overwhelming. Pope John XXIII had to know about modernism and the many anti-modernist objections of his many predecessors. Pope John XXIII clearly disregarded traditional anti-modernism teaching when he tasked the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council to focus on the conditions and modernization (emphasis supplied) of the Church after 20 centuries of life. In so doing, it can be argued that Pope Saint John XXIII’s position on modernism was heretical. In so doing, it can be argued that Pope John XXIII factionalized (traditional versus modernist) the Roman Catholic Church. In so doing, it can also be argued that Pope John XXIII created a schism (Traditional Catholics versus modernist Catholics) within the Roman Catholic Church.
At the risk of being redundant, the same can be said about all clergy advanced to major orders, pastors, confessors, preachers, religious superiors, and by professors of philosophy and theology in seminaries that disregarded their Oath Against Modernism and directly or indirectly participated in the Second Vatican Council.
That being said, Pope Saint Pius X also promulgated censures and penalties against those who neglect to observe the prescriptions against the errors of the modernists. These censures and penalties included excommunication. In Praestantia Scripturae Pope Saint Pius X wrote in pertinent part:
“Moreover, in order to check the daily increasing audacity of many modernists who are endeavoring by all kinds of sophistry and devices to detract from the force and efficacy not only of the decree “Lamentabili sane exitu” (the so-called Syllabus), issued by our order by the Holy Roman and Universal Inquisition on July 3 of the present year, but also of our encyclical letters “Pascendi dominici gregis” given on September 8 of this same year, we do by our apostolic authority repeat and confirm both that decree of the Supreme Sacred Congregation and those encyclical letters of ours, adding the penalty of excommunication against their contradictors (emphasis supplied), and this we declare and decree that should anybody, which may God forbid, be so rash as to defend any one of the propositions, opinions or teachings condemned in these documents he falls, ipso facto, under the censure contained under the chapter “Docentes” of the constitution “Apostolicae Sedis,” which is the first among the excommunications latae sententiae (emphasis supplied), simply reserved to the Roman Pontiff. This excommunication is to be understood as salvis poenis, which may be incurred by those who have violated in any way the said documents, as propagators and defenders of heresies, when their propositions, opinions and teachings are heretical, as has happened more than once in the case of the adversaries of both these documents, especially when they advocate the errors of the modernists that is, the synthesis of all heresies.” [Fourth unnumbered paragraph]
“All these things we will and order to be sanctioned and established by our apostolic authority, aught to the contrary notwithstanding.” [Sixth and last unnumbered paragraph]
Deal with it. We must come to terms with the reality of today’s situation. The Latin rite of the Roman Catholic Church is in schism – a schism brought on by modernist schismatic mutineers.
The difference between this schism and other schisms is that in recent history Traditional Catholics (faithful to the Traditional magisterium) remained at the helm and the modernist schismatic mutineers (i.e, Martin Luther (about 1517), Huldrych Zwingli (about 1525), John Calvin (about 1530), John Knox (about 1546), etc.) were cast off to find their own way. This time around the modernist schismatic mutineers took control of the Vatican and Traditional Catholics were left to find their own way.
That being said, on October 31, 2017, the modernist schismatic mutineers, at the helm of the Vatican, announced the Vatican will be issuing a special postage stamp, depicting Martin Luther at the foot of the Cross, to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation.
The article announcing the special Martin Luther postage stamp also reminded us that, “Exactly one year ago today, on October 31, 2016, Pope Francis journeyed to Sweden for the Joint Catholic-Lutheran Commemoration of the Reformation, and to celebrate Mass with Swedish Catholics on the November 1 Solemnity of All Saints.”
Let us also recall that it was modernist Pope Francis that canonized Pope Saint John Paul II and Pope Saint John XXIII.
Enough about today’s modernist schismatic mutineers and their adulation of the protestant reformation – back to the original thesis that the Second Vatican Council was about modernization…
Let there be no doubt – Pope John XXIII’s Second Vatican Council promotion of modernization flies in the face of The Oath Against Modernism required of him.
But there is more to consider…
On July 17, 1967, the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith replaced Pope Saint Pius X’s comprehensive Oath Against Modernism with a tepid Profession of the Faith.
The July 17, 1967 Profession of Faith does not include a declaration by the oath taker that he or she is completely opposed to the error of the modernists. In effect the tepid Profession of Faith reopened the modernist floodgates on July 17, 1967.
Replacement of the comprehensive 1910 Oath Against Modernism with the tepid 1967 Profession of Faith raises a collateral issue. Can the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith replace a requirement established by Pope Saint Pius X in a pontifical document (Sacrorum Antistitum)? This smacks of modernist obfuscation. This is an issue best left to canon lawyers and Cardinals.
It should also be noted that the Vatican’s online full text of Sacrorum Antistitum (Oath Against Modernism) is available in Latin only – and the Vatican’s online full text of Praestantia Scripturae (Censures and penalties against those who neglect to observe the prescriptions against the errors of the modernists) is only available in Latin and Italian.
English translations of the Oath Against Modernism (not full text of Sacrorum Antistitum) were available online (at EWTN and Papal Encyclicals) and in print (Denzinger, 30th edition, paragraphs 2145-2147). It should be noted that the gist of these translations is the same – but there are minor differences in the English translations by EWTN, Papal Encyclicals and Denzinger.
English translations of the Praestantia Scripturae (Censures and penalties against those who neglect to observe the prescriptions against the errors of the modernists) were available online (at EWTN and Papal Encyclicals) and in print (Denzinger, 30th edition, paragraphs 2114). Again it should be noted that the gist of these translations is the same – but there are again minor differences in the English translations by EWTN, Papal Encyclicals and Denzinger.
By comparison, the Vatican provides full text English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Latin translations of Pascendi Dominici Gregis, On the Doctrine of the Modernists. You have to wonder whether someone in is trying to make research of the Oath Against Modernism difficult.
Finally, you also have to wonder whether the post Second Vatican Council Novus Ordo Mass, Ottaviani Intervention, today’s alignment of the Catechism of the Catholic Church with modernism, today’s recent Dubia, and today’s even more recent Filial Correction would have become an issue if The Oath Against Modernism had been taken to heart – by all clergy advanced to major orders, pastors, confessors, preachers, religious superiors, and by professors of philosophy and theology in seminaries that directly or indirectly participated in the Second Vatican Council.